Osteoporosis is a disease that makes the bone weak and increases the risk of the bone to break. Experts cant find the reason why the bone loss occurs in the HIV positive patient than normal people. HIV, HIV medicines, taking other medicine for a long time, Older age are the factors that increase the rate of bone loss.The increased rates of osteoporosis among HIV infected people is a concern but it is noteworthy that the disease differs from young and middle-aged HIV infected individuals to the older ones. Osteoporosis is less common in men as compared to women. This is due to a couple of reasons. First, men have larger skeletons compared to women leading to longer bone life and stronger bones. Second, bone loss in men tends to start later in life and progresses slower than women. Third, women are affected with a rapid bone loss when their estrogen production drops as a result of menopause. Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry also knew as DEXA is the most widely used BMD test. Using radiation it measures BMD of the spine, hip, or total body. Results of the BMD tests are usually termed as T-score which gives a measurement of the difference between the tested bone density and the bone density of a young healthy individual.
- Taking other medicines for a long time